Knowing Henri Matisse


Artist of The Week: Henri Matisse


🎨 Henri Émile Benoît Matisse


🎨 December 31, 1869, Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France


🎨 French Artist

🎨 Expressionism / Post-Impressionism


🎨 Painter / Printmaker / Sculptor


Facts


✅ Matisse grew up in Bohain-en-Vermandois and went to school at the College de Saint Quentin, before moving to Paris to study law.


✅ In 1889, he returned to Saint-Quentin as a law clerk, though he found the job tedious and complained of anxiety.


✅ Later that year he contracted appendicitis and spent several months at home recovering, at the age of 20, he discovered the welcome isolation and freedom of painting.


✅ In 1891, Matisse left Paris to study art. He failed the entrance exams for the Ecole des Beaux Arts, but


✅ In 1892 , Matisse unofficially joined the studio of French symbolist painter Gustave Moreau whom told his students, "Colors must be thought, dreamed, imagined."


✅ This Symbolist attitude toward painting contributed to Matisse's expressive use of color.  


✅ In 1905, Matisse met Pablo Picasso at the studio of Gertrude Stein. The two artists began a lifelong friendship and rivalry


✅ While Picasso deconstructed objects into Cubist planes, Matisse sought to construct an object's form through color.


✅ After major surgery in 1941, he was confined to a wheelchair. Paper cut-outs symbolized for Matisse the synthesis of drawing and painting.


✅ The paper cut-outs encouraged Matisse to simplify forms even further, distilling the object's "essential character" until it became a symbol of itself.


✅ With the help of assistants, Matisse was able to continue working through his illness.


✅ On November 3, 1954, Matisse died of a heart attack


Famous Painting🖌


The Dessert: Harmony in Red (1908) / Goldfish (1911) / The Sorrow of The King (1952)




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